The Plaintiff and former subject of an IIG matrimonial investigation, Susanne Gold-Smith, alleges that Dan Ribacoff, together with his children Lance Ribacoff and Lisa Ribacoff, personally supervised and was aware of IIG’s investigators’ nefarious conduct.  According to the lawsuit, after months of surveillance failures, IIG resorted to desperate measures to control their subject.  As a result of their actions, the Ribacoffs fostered a toxic culture and permissive environment for sexual assault which ultimately led to Gold-Smith being raped by former NYPD Detective Yanti Mike Greene and New York State-licensed P.I. Richard Custodio, and sexually assaulted by former NYPD officers Tyrone Dux and Fred Caravousanos as well as former Nassau County Police Officer Saul Roth.

The suit against IIG is based on troves of newly discovered and previously unknown text messages forensically recovered from investigator Yanti Mike Greene’s iCloud account, which revealed that the Ribacoffs used investigators to overbill clients.  Text messages confirm that lead IIG investigator and former NYPD detective Yanti Mike Greene was frequently directed by the Ribacoffs to bill for hours he never worked in exchange for information obtained by inappropriately interacting with the subject. The suit alleges that other IIG investigators were rewarded for similar behavior.

According to the lawsuit, recovered text messages revealed that Greene, who played a central role in the investigation and carried out IIG’s directives, received authorization from Dan Ribacoff to proceed with a plan to “shut down” a lawsuit Gold-Smith had filed against IIG in 2018; several weeks later, Greene raped and recorded Gold-Smith while she was incapacitated. The lawsuit alleges that Greene planned to use the nonconsensual video as leverage over Gold-Smith to drop her lawsuit against IIG.  As alleged, Greene attempted to destroy much of the recorded footage he shot during the rape to conceal his crimes, and a hearing for contempt has been ordered by the Court in the pending sexual assault lawsuit Gold-Smith filed against Greene in 2019.

Descriptions of some of the text messages uncovered with reference to location within complaint:

Dan Ribacoff authorizing Greene to proceed with his plan to shut down Gold-Smith’s 2018 lawsuit against IIG; Plaintiff alleges she was raped and recorded by Greene weeks later

¶ 111

Lance Ribacoff confirming his knowledge that IIG investigator Richard Custodio slept inside the subject’s home during the investigation; Plaintiff alleges she was raped by Custodio

¶ 116

James Marr indicating he warned IIG about investigator Tyrone Dux and stating Dux was witnessed engaging in physical contact with the subject while on duty; Plaintiff alleges she was sexually assaulted by Dux

¶ 154

Yanti Mike Greene warning Saul Roth that Dan Ribacoff ordered him to delete communications related to the Gold-Smith investigation during her active litigation against IIG

¶ 141

Lisa Ribacoff of IIG confirming awareness of investigator misconduct and her attempts to stop it, stating she was overruled by Dan Ribacoff and Lance Ribacoff

¶ 107

Lance Ribacoff acknowledging his awareness that IIG investigator Yanti Mike Greene intentionally arranged contact between IIG investigator Richard Custodio and the subject

¶ 80

James Marr indicating that fellow IIG investigator Saul Roth was witnessed drunk and openly initiating physical contact with the subject while on duty; Plaintiff alleges she was sexually assaulted by Roth that night

Still video images of IIG Investigator Saul Roth allegedly assaulting Plaintiff while on duty

¶ 105

Dan Ribacoff confirming investigator interaction with the subject is unethical and illegal

¶ 52

Lance Ribacoff instructing IIG investigator Yanti Mike Greene to double bill

Ex 2, P1

Lance Ribacoff instructing IIG investigator Yanti Mike Greene to work as the sole investigator but bill as if two investigators were present

Ex 2, P1

The complaint alleges that recovered text messages also revealed the Ribacoffs and IIG were engaged in fraudulent billing practices while conducting private investigative work for other high-profile clients, including the Church of Scientology in their surveillance of Leah Remini, and for Gillian Hearst, the granddaughter of Patty Hearst, in her custody case, among others.

“This was one of the most traumatic experiences I have ever endured.  It was already a challenging time in my life, and IIG and their investigators exploited the power dynamic they had over me during the investigation. I was powerless, and after I was raped and sexually assaulted by these investigators, I lived in a constant state of fear.  They made it clear that there would be repercussions if I ever exposed what they were doing. I’ll have to live with that threat and the emotional toll this has taken on me for the rest of my life” said Gold-Smith.

The lawsuit alleges that IIG’s negligence, lack of supervision, and fraudulent billing practices sent Gold-Smith’s case into a free-for-all, with the investigators engaging in misconduct which included inappropriate relationships with Gold-Smith’s friends and family members, frequenting strip clubs, soliciting prostitutes, using illegal drugs, and consuming hard liquor while on duty.

Although evidence indicates that the Ribacoffs directed investigators to delete incriminating communications regarding Gold-Smith’s investigation, forensic experts were able to uncover almost 8,000 pages of relevant documents.  Much of the newly discovered information was concealed by IIG during Gold-Smith’s previous and current lawsuits.

“If the tactics alleged in this complaint and confirmed by the text messages don’t warrant the revocation of Defendants’ private investigative licenses by the State of New York, I do not know what would.  While the Ribacoffs may have looked at Susanne’s investigation as just another payday, our client will have to pay for their greed for the rest of her life” added Daniel Szalkiewicz, Gold-Smith’s attorney.

International Investigative Group is licensed by the State of New York. The Plaintiff is suing for $50,000,000 in damages which include aiding and abetting her rapes and sexual assaults, negligent supervision and hiring, and infliction of emotional distress. A lawsuit is pending against the individual investigators accused of rape and sexual assault. 

The Verified Complaint in Susanne Gold-Smith v. Daniel “Dan” Ribacoff, Lance Ribacoff, Lisa Ribacoff, Barbara Ribacoff and International Investigative Group, LTD. can be found at

The Proposed First Amended Complaint in Susanne Gold-Smith v. Richard Custodio et al. can be found at

For more information, contact Daniel Szalkiewicz at (212) 706-1007 or [email protected].

SOURCE Daniel Szalkiewicz & Associates, P.C.

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